Allergy to pollens in animals

Grass pollen

Grasses represent a very broad family, growing not only in meadows and fields but also in areas of debris, on cultivated or abandoned soil, or else along the sides of paths; in other words, nearly everywhere from sea level to mountainous areas. Typically, grasses form part of the lawn of any garden. They are responsible for the majority of pollen allergies.

Although the height of pollination is between the months of April, May and June, grass pollens in our country can be detected 10 months out of the year. There is a noticeable relationship between the climate and grass pollination. If the rains are abundant, the pollen concentration in spring is higher.

Weed pollen

Weeds are the type of plants that grow on sand banks, on plains, on the edges of roads and borders of crop fields. The majority of plants that make up this group have their highest pollination in summer, although there are exceptions; parietaria, as well as being the species which causes most allergy, has a long pollination period (from March to October).

Tree pollen

The pollination period of trees is usually short, so patients usually show clinical manifestations only for short periods of time.

Pollination occurs before, during or immediately after the appearance of the leaves, so in moderate climates pollination ends near the end of spring, when the trees are full of leaves. Among the trees with the most allergenic pollens are the olive tree and the willow.

Recommendations for reducing exposure to pollens

  • During the time of pollination, avoid taking your pet to areas of abundant vegetation. Especially in the early and late hours of the day.
  • Ventilate the house in the middle hours of the day or at night.
  • Avoid situations of high exposure to pollens for your pet, like cutting the lawn while he/she is present. Avoid accessing places with pollen overload, such as barns.
  • When your pet travels in the car with you, keep the windows closed.
  • Avoid excursions to the country, walking across parks and green areas at times of higher exposure, especially on dry, hot days with a lot of wind.
  • Baths to allow allergens deposited on the skin to be eliminated.